Signs And Symptoms
Many people on the Autism Spectrum have different ways of learning, paying attention, or reacting to things.
The signs of Autism Spectrum Disorder begin during early childhood and typically last throughout a person’s life.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability which can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges.
A diagnosis of ASD now includes several conditions which used to be diagnosed separately: autistic disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), and Asperger syndrome. All are now considered "On the spectrum" or ASD.
Children or adults on the spectrum might:
· Not point at objects to show interest (for example, not point at an airplane flying over)
· Not look at objects when another person points at them
· Have trouble relating to others or not have an interest in other people at all
· Avoid eye contact and want to be alone
· Have trouble understanding other people’s feelings or talking about their own feelings
· Prefer not to be held or cuddled, or might cuddle only when they want to
· Appear to be unaware when people talk to them, but respond to other sounds
· Be very interested in people, but not know how to talk, play, or relate to them
· Repeat or echo words or phrases said to them, or repeat words or phrases in place of normal language
· Have trouble expressing their needs using typical words or motions
· Not play “pretend” games (for example, not pretend to “feed” a doll)
· Repeat actions over and over again
· Have trouble adapting when a routine changes
· Have unusual reactions to the way things smell, taste, look, feel, or sound
· Lose skills they once had (for example, stop saying words they were using)